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Type of Wall Ties

Jan. 18, 2022

Smart Craftsmen manufactures an extensive range of wall ties supplied to the construction industry, below is an explanation of each type of wall tie available and its use, features, and benefits. Ensuring you can make an informed decision when choosing products. If you still require more information, please feel free to contact one of our friendly technical advisors who will be happy to assist with your requirement


Type 1 Wall Ties

Type 1 wall ties are heavy-duty wall ties, designed to be used in high-rise, public and commercial buildings. Its innovative shape and design give it superior strength and must meet requirements stated in DD140: Part 2.


Type 2 Wall Ties

Type 2 wall ties or general-purpose wall ties, join together two masonry/blockwork leaves. Designed for use on domestic or small commercial buildings up to 3 storeys or 15 meters in height. Type 2 wall ties can be used in cavities up to 100mm.

Type 1 Wall Ties

 Type 1 Wall Ties

Type 3 wall ties

Type 3 wall ties are a basic duty wire design that is tied to tie two masonry leaves together. These wall ties can be used in commercial or domestic buildings up to 15m in height providing the wind speed is limited to 25m/sec. As a general rule, the wall ties supplier recommends opting for either a type 2 or type 4 wall tie due to their increased compatibility and availability.


Type 4 wall ties

Type 4 wall ties are light-duty wall tie that is used to join together two masonry leaves. Designed for use on domestic homes up to 10 meters in height. Type 4 wall ties are suitable for cavities up to 100mm and must meet standards outlined in BSEN 845-1.

Channel ties

Channel ties work in conjunction with Axis channel, cast in the channel, and frame fixes the channel. Channel ties have a dovetail design that matches our channel perfectly whilst being compatible with other brands. A channel tie is designed to restrain masonry brickwork to either the concrete slab, timber, or steel frame

Movement Wall Tie

A movement wall tie is used in conjunction with a debonding sleeve, these can either be a frame cramp or a flat bar wall tie. Used over movement joints the specifically designed sleeve has a viewing window ensuring a 10mm gap is achieved. One side of the tie is fixed, the other side sits within the debonding sleeve, the shape of the sleeve and the tie allow for free lateral movement as required. The debonding sleeve is embedded into the mortar restricting movement to the 10mm requirement

Type 4 Wall Tie

Type 4 Wall Tie      


Frame Cramp

Frame cramps are a type of wall tie used with an in-situ structure of either concrete, steel, or wood. The frame cramp is usually fixed at 225mm intervals ensuring the new masonry structure is correctly supported and fixed to the structure.

Column Wall Ties

Column wall ties are used to fix masonry to steelwork. The intuitive design eliminates time-consuming drilling and bolting of frame cramps. The design allows for variations in coursing and can be used on various profile types of a steel columns.


Timber Wall Tie

Timber wall ties are used to fix masonry to timber frame structures. Suitable for use on buildings up to 5 storeys or 15 meters in height and designed for use on cavities up to 100mm. Timber wall ties must meet type 5 requirements and BS5268-6.1 standards.

We hope this has provided the information you require when buying your wall ties. If you require any further information, please contact us.

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